07 July 2014

City Constellations

It happens every time, we attend an astronomy talk or see an astronomy documentary and after finishing that when we come out, we always involuntarily look up at the night sky. We expect to see star-studded sky as seen in that talk or documentary, diamonds in the sky. 
Credit: ESO
However, as it turns out due to high light pollution, this is what we end up getting in the city skies. Light pollution is increasingly taking stars away from us. There is no immediate solution for the light pollution issue although efforts are on around the world.
 
Until then we have make use of what few stars we have under city conditions. I always advice new comers interested in night sky, to go and get familiarize with the constellation whenever they get time. Although sky may look disappointing at beginning with hand full of stars in the night sky, we can in fact make that work in our favour.
It will be easy to start and recognise the basic pattern of the constellation when there are few stars. Once we have the basic shape with the help of bright stars, when we have dark skies, it will be easy to pick up rest of the constellation.
We will take couple of examples here of constellations, bright ones that can be seen easily under city conditions.  These days at 8pm we can see the bright constellation Ursa Major in the north, even with light pollution its easily spot seven stars in the constellation. Now this forms the outline of the Ursa Major, if we are familiar with the bright stars, under dark skies we can pick up full constellation, which will help in finding deep sky objects.
We can see only few stars in Ursa Major, but I am sure you can spot all the seven bright stars.
Stellarium
 
Once we are familiar with bright stars, we are ready for dark skies; here is how it will look under light pollution free conditions.
 
Along with bright stars, we have many stars that complete the constellation.
 
Like Ursa Major, there are similar constellations that we can spot even with light pollution, and spending some time getting to know the bright stars and the constellation outline will really help when we have dark sky conditions, sometimes it is difficult for newcomers to recognize the patterns with thousands of stars around.
 Cygnus also has bright stars that make the constellation easy to pick up in light polluted areas. Deneb is the brightest star in the constellation and the stars that make the outline are close to or brighter than third magnitude. The constellation lies in the mily way band and its good idea to use light pollution to our advantage and get familiar with the basic shape of the constellation, under dark skies it is a highly star-studded region. Seeing the constellation under darks skies shows what light pollution is doing to our night sky.
 
Under Dark Conditions:
 
One more wonderful constellation is Scorpius in the south. Along with Scorpius, the constellation of Sagittarius lie in the most star rich region of the night sky, as these two constellations lie in the region of centre of our galaxy, the milky way. These two are easily visible from the city skies, shows in a very frustrating way on how light pollution is affecting astronomy enthusiast. This is a region with numerous star clusters and nebulae and a favourite region for astrophotographers.
 
Under Dark conditions we can see the milky way...
 
These are just couple of examples to show how we can use light pollution to our advantage and to show how it is affecting our night sky.
With a basic star map, keep practicing in identifying the constellations with the help of bright stars, which will really help under dark skies.

3 comments:

  1. Great post for beginners! When I was trying to learn the sky about 5-6 years ago, I sorely missed this kind of a simple, easy to understand resource for the Bangalore sky. Well done!

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  2. Contents of this website are good and appreciative. Congratulation

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